When you want to determine the correct verb for your simple sentence, look for a verb that changes the tense, for example: The main verb of the sentence above is “wants“. For example: The fox really liked pancakes, he ate them every day for breakfast, he couldn’t eat them without syrup and butter. Robert doesn’t eat meat. 4.Cats hate water. In the examples, independent clauses are green, dependent clauses are purple, and conjunctions are orange. Simple Sentence Examples From Literature. Announcement Text: Definition, Types, & Examples, Modality Definition and Examples in English, Imperative Sentence Exercises with Answers, Non Defining Relative Clauses Exercises with Answers, Adjectives and Adverbs Exercises with Answers, Zero, First, and Second Conditionals Exercises with Answers. To begin, here is a simple chart that outlines the patterns of each type. Master these four structures, and your written expression will improve dramatically. Sentence Structure. For instance, if a writer forgets to use conjunctions, a sentence seems like it “runs on” for too long. Copyright © 2019 Writer River. 4. Here are examples of each: She ate lunch. b. Sentence Structure Guide _____ 1 There are four sentence structures in English. Arnold and Juan play cricket every evening. As mentioned, there are four main types of sentence structures: simple, compound, complex, and compound-complex. (Novelist Jean Giraudoux) Dogs, The earth and, Harsha are used as the Subjects in these sentences. Instead of [a] simple juxtaposition of elements by way of simple and compound sentences, hypotactic structures rely more on complex sentences to establish relationships among elements. The following examples show how parallel structures function in simple sentences and compound sentences: 1. The predicate part of the sentences begins with the verb. 10.We see them every week. Bite! Fragment sentences can happen when you forget an independent clause. A simple sentence contains only one independent clause. Verb = reveals. The structure or the composition of the simple sentence comprises the subject, the predicator, the complement and the adjunct. This page explains five basic structures in English sentences for teachers and beginning students. These kinds of sentences have only one independent clause, and they don't contain any subordinate clauses. He reads many books. There are several things you need to pay attention to about the simple sentence: a. (Compound: two independent clauses joined by a coordinating conjunction). Note that there is only one horizontal line. c) Harsha bought a pen. The two sentences above are examples of simple sentences because each sentence consists of only a pair of subjects and a verb. How? Correct: The girl ran to the ice cream truck, and then she ate ice cream. A great way to make a sentence more detailed is by adding dependent clauses (which couldn’t be sentences on their own). Example 12 is a simple sentence in this structure. The result of combining the three clauses and the conjunction is a compound-complex sentence that is both informational and easy to understand. 2. Simple sentences can consist only of one word. Depending upon structure, these include: 1. 4. Consider these examples from literature: "The Spirits of All Three shall strive within me." When? 5. For instance, by itself, a dependent clause is just a fragment. Example 5 is a sentence fragment. Examples of compound sentences: Jana wants cereal, but Paul wants pancakes. Here some examples: 1. Please read the table below for more details. Which type of sentence can have two or more independent and dependent clauses? Independent clause: An independent clause can stand alone as a sentence. We went to the beach, and then we went to the mountains. If I won the lottery is a dependent clause that can’t stand alone because it’s not a complete thought. But, with the right conjunctions, this can be a normal compound sentence: The fox really liked pancakes, so, he ate them every day for breakfast; but, he couldn’t eat them without syrup and butter. This new laptop computer has already crashed twice. 11.I don’t like tea. Examples of complex sentences: After the dog ran, he ate popcorn and he drank a big soda. There are four sentence structures in English: Simple, Compound, Complex, and Compound-Complex. All rights reserved. Here are few examples of simple sentences to explain this concept further for you: 1. 8.She swims every morning. What? Simple Sentence Formula. It uses a conjunction like “and” to connect the ideas. Mary did not go to the party. My brother and I went to the mall last night. I like spaghetti. It is important to know that the word “then” is NOT a conjunction—it’s an adverb. Fly. The independent clauses give the main information, and the dependent clause(s) give the details. A compound sentence has at least two independent clauses. Here are a few: So, you can see that all of the clauses above are working sentences. A compound-complex sentence has two or more independent clauses and at least one dependent clause—so, it uses conjunction(s) to combine two complete sentences and at least one incomplete sentence. Let's look at some examples! The following example is an inversion of Example 12. Who? The verb in the sentence above is “is swimming“. The dog ran. I like coffee. My sister will teach how to make a lasagna in exchange for cooking lessons. 1. In English, we have four main sentence structures: the simple sentence, the compound sentence, the complex sentence, and the compound-complex sentence. The verb in a simple sentence may be compound. Because it has two pairs of subjects and verbs so the formula is: S V S V. Thus, the sentence above is an example of a compound sentence. b. Key: Yellow, bold = subject; green underline = verb, blue, italics = object, pink, regular font = prepositional phrase. When it comes to making sure your sentence is clear and complete, having the right sentence structure is very important. The word “to learn” or “to drive” is not a verb because they’re infinitives (there is a word “to” in front of “learn” and “drive“), also, they don’t change the tense. 2. (Compound noun) 3. A couple of common mistakes can happen when you forget how to use clauses or conjunctions in the right way, like run-on sentences and fragment sentences. By pattern, we mean the way we arrange the English sentences; that is the patterns of their ordering. A Christmas Carol by Charles Dickens "I was the more deceived." b) The earth moves round the sun. We would like to go to Istanbul, Paris, or London on my next holiday. I play on the ground. So, a fragment sentence is just a piece of a sentence: it is missing a subject, a predicate, or an independent clause. 3. Please follow the list about Structure of Simple Present Tense; The tenses simply show the time of an action. Here are examples of each type of sentence: 1. 2. A simple sentence contains only one independent clause. In the example, “Jack and Jill went up the hill,” there are two subjects – Jack and Jill. Let us consider these two patterns closely… The subject can be a single word like “I” or “Robert,” or … SIMPLE PRESENT TENSE This post includes detailed expressions about simple present tense and its structures in english. Add a conjunction or conjunctions to make the following sentence clearer: The dog and the cat loved to eat ice cream, they liked going fishing, searching for clovers. Let us … Here are two sentences, with and without conjunctions: Incorrect: The girl ran to the ice cream truck then she ate ice cream. d.The dog and the cat loved to eat popcorn, and they liked going fishing and searching for clovers. Perelman and Olbrechts-Tyteca (1969) observed, 'The hypotactic construction is the argumentative construction par excellence. Examples of simple sentences a) Dogs bark. A “fragment” is a small piece of something. Your email address will not be published. 3.He doesn’t teach math. Simple Past Tense indicates an action which is completed at a definite time in the past. Simple Sentence Structure, Definition, and Examples – Sentence structure is one of important things you must learn when you’re digging more about writing techniques. The conjunction “and” connects two or more things in positive sentences. A little dog is swimming in the swimming pool now. Conjunctions in English have many forms, but the most commonly used are “and” and “or“. I like trains. In fact, an independent clause itself is a simple sentence. The cat and the dog yowled and howled, respectively. Sentences are of three kinds according to their structure. Here are some examples: Simple sentences don’t have many details and they don’t really combine multiple ideas—they are simple! There are several things about sentence structure that you need to know, what are those things? Thanks for reading! So, it needs to be combined with an independent clause to be a sentence. Where are you going? (An independent clause contains a subject and verb and expresses a complete thought.) The conjunction “or” connects two or more things in a negative sentence. The subject in a simple sentence may be compound. The word “swimming” in the sentence is not a verb, but a noun called gerund (a verb that changes into a noun). (Compound noun) 4. A simple sentence has only one subject and one predicate—one independent clause. 3. Example 15: The seeds were eaten by the bird. Bark! Conjunctions are important because they let us combine information, but still keep ideas separate so that they are easy to understand. 7.The course starts next Sunday. The second “swimming” in the “swimming pool” is not a verb, but only as an adjective explanatory word called a participle (the form of a verb that changes to Verb + ing). However, in this sentence, they are treated as a single unit. One can cause somebody to do something for him/her by asking, paying, requesting, or forcing the person. A Simple Sentence is one which has only one Subject and one Predicate or A Simple Sentence is one which has only one Finite Verb. Actually, simple sentence has a simple formula, which only consists of a subject (S) and a verb (V). Examples of Simple Sentences. The manager told the employees that they need to come to work on time, that they need to manage their workload, and that they need to attend important meetings. A simple sentenceconsists of one independent clause. Please follow the list about Structure of Simple Past Tense; The tenses simply show the time of an action. Review exercises of Sentence Patterns, Sentence Pattern grammar exercises with answer key. c.The dog and the cat loved to eat ice cream, and they liked going fishing, searching for clovers. After the dog ran, he ate popcorn. 5 Tips To Be A Successful Writer by Stephen King, COMPLETE GUIDE: 7 Powerful Steps to Write for Beginners, Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on Tumblr (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window), Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window). In English, there are four kinds of sentence: Each of them has different structure and formula, but now, we will be focusing on the simple sentence structure. The dog barked and bit. 2.Does she live in Paris? Other sentences have a single verb and two or more subjects. There various ways a simple sentence can be constructed. A simple sentence is built from the minimum of a subject and a main verb. As you can see, the new sentence is much easier to read and makes more sense. Learn subject complement example sentences, Sentence Structure in English Grammar, examples of objective … But that certainly doesnt mean its too simple for academic writing. Sentence 1 is an example of a simple sentence. A sentence’s “structure” is the way its words are arranged. English Exampe Sentences, 50 examples of simple sentences 1.She doesn’t study German on Monday. The verb in the sentence above is the word “is“. “Simple sentence is a sentence that has a single subject and predicate.”. The dog ran and he ate popcorn. Read the explanation below. But the only obligatory element here is the predicator. 2. And the others are also interrogative … In the examples, independent clauses are green, dependent clauses are purple, and conjunctions are orange. A dependent clause is a major part of three of the four sentence structures (compound, complex, and compound-complex). It is a good site for knowlage and information. Why is the sentence above not included as a simple sentence? Simple Sentence 2. The two sentences above are examples of simple sentences because each sentence consists of only a pair of subjects and a verb. It sometimes uses conjunctions and other words to combine all of the clauses together. Each uses a specific combination of independent and dependent clauses to help make sure that our sentences are strong, informational, and most importantly, that they make sense! So, you can see that we need a conjunction for the sentence to be clear! See a detailed discussion on the syntactic elements of the clause structure. b. a. My sister and I are completely different. The English sentence has two main patterns. 9.I don’t wash the dishes. That was our explanation on simple sentence structure, definition, and examples. So, complex sentences let us add information to simple sentences. We hope this article helps you in understanding the structure of simple sentence. Mary likes tea. The verbs in the Predicate parts are Finite verbs as they show tense. They express only one main idea. Please read the table below for more details. There are several reasons for using simple sentences. Where? Causative Verbs : Structures & Examples (5 / 5, 52 votes) Tweet ; The causatives are the verbs that are used to indicate that one person causes another person to do something for the first person. Independent clauses are key parts of every sentence structure. In simple terms, a run-on sentence is a sentence that is too long. Notify me of follow-up comments by email. An independent clause is a group of words that has both a subject and a verb, and expresses a complete thought. Jeff and John are brothers. Add an independent clause to complete the following sentence: If the rabbit goes to the dentist, The fox really liked pancakes, he ate them every day for breakfast, he couldn’t eat them without syrup and butter, he couldn’t eat them without syrup and butter. Let’s use a couple of the dependent clauses from above: As you can see, each leaves an unanswered question. Sentence 4 is compound-complex (also known as complex-compound). Compound Verbs and Compound Subjects – Some sentences have a single subject and two or more verbs. Here are some examples: As you can see, a compound sentence allows us to share a lot of information by combining two or more complete thoughts into one sentence. It has a subject and a predicate; BUT, it can’t be a sentence. The two patterns are the Basic and the Non-Basic Patterns. Jack and Jill went up the hill.Here are some inferences from these examples – A simple sentence needn’t necessary always have one subject and one predicate. Simple Present Tense indicates an action which happens in the present, but it isn’t necessary for actions to happen right now. Which type of sentence combines two independent clauses? A common example of this type of structure is the if/then sentence. The most common conjunction that you know is “and.” Others are for, but, or, yet, and so. Most of the simple sentences cited in the list of examples are imperative, which is a kind of sentence that gives commands. Examples of simple sentences: Karen baked cookies for dessert. Chris was hungry, so he made a sandwich. Your email address will not be published. An independent clause is a group of words that has a subject and a verb and can stand alone as a complete thought. This page about sentence structure will focus on the differences between simple sentences, compound sentences, complex sentences and compound-complex sentences. By itself, a dependent clause is just a fragment sentence (an incomplete sentence). The verb in a simple sentence may be compound . Required fields are marked *. You must know how to correctly write these sentence types for IELTS as the examiner will be looking for them when they grade you for your 'grammatical range'. (Compound verb) 5… The clothes are washed, the dishes are cleaned, and the dogs are walked. a.The dog and the cat loved to eat ice cream, they liked going fishing, and searching for clovers. Examples: Go. Run! I enjoyed the apple pie that you bought for me. Conjunctions are a big part of compound, complex, and compound-complex sentences. Here are examples of each type of sentence: All forms of sentence structures have clauses (independent, dependent, or both), and some also have conjunctions to help join two or more clauses or whole sentences. A conjunction is a word in a sentence that connects other words, phrases and clauses. Here is an example: The girl smelled cookies, which were baking at home, so, she ran all the way there. A complex sentence has one independent clause and one or more dependent clauses. So, let’s complete them: Here, we completed the fragment sentences by adding independent clauses (underlined), which made them into complex sentences. 6.My brother takes out the trash. 5.Every child likes an ice cream. Compound sentence 3. Despite this sentence looking more sophisticated (and longer! Simple sentence As the name suggests, this is the easiest type of sentence to construct. For example, “ If I won the lottery, then I would buy a new car” is a complex sentence. Simple sentence structure can signify a clarity of thought, an acceptance of things the way they are, or a simplemindedness that focuses only on one specific fact 2. 1. Complex sentence 4. It provides extra details about the independent clause, and it doesn’t make sense on its own, like these: Each of the bullets above leaves an unanswered question. For example: 1. You need to move swiftly and quietly. The dog barked and ran (Compound verb) 2. Only the mediocre are always at their best. Compound-complex sentence An independent clause has a subject and a predicate and makes sense on its own as a complete sentence. Example: They laughed and cried at the same time. Jack and Jill went up a hill. In Higher English revise language techniques such as figures of speech, sentence structure, tone and word choice, which are used to convey meaning. The word “will teach” is a verb with a tense in the form of simple future tense. Writers have been using simple sentences as long as people have been writing. Why? c. The conjunction “or” is also used to connect two or more choices. 3. There are two different types of simple sentence. Sentence 2 is compound because "so" is considered a coordinating conjunction in English, and sentence 3 is complex. The fox runs across the wood, jumps over the rock and moves down the hill. ), this is still a simple sentence as it follows the SVO structure: Subject = research. Notice that a “simple sentence” isn’t necessarily short. Basic sentence structure in English grammar. Stop! The earth goes round the sun. I don't know how to bake, so I buy my bread already made. What’s more, all sentences have an independent clause! Here’s the wrong example of simple sentence: My sister lives in California, and my brother lives in London. Are working sentences that gives commands conjunction—it ’ s the wrong example of a sentence. My sister will teach how to bake, so he made a.... At home, so he made a sandwich various ways a simple sentence contains only one independent.... Big soda each sentence consists of a simple sentence has a subject and a verb and stand... Objects, complements, and compound-complex would like to go to Istanbul,,. Need to know, what are those things Others are for, but Paul wants pancakes 3... And ” to connect the ideas that connects other words to combine all of the clause.... Examples: simple, compound, complex, and expresses a complete sentence ran compound! The English sentences for teachers and beginning students great impact for the to. Let us … simple present tense this post includes detailed expressions about simple present tense the. The earth and, Harsha are used as the name suggests, this is easiest! Three shall strive within me. not a complete thought. element here is a simple is. Sentence may be compound it needs to be a sentence though she had eaten lunch then we to. The life expectancy of the sentences begins with the verb complete, having the right sentence structure all. That can ’ t stand alone as a simple sentence contains only one clause. The way we arrange the English sentences for teachers and beginning students to. 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Where the Object which the verb plus its objects, complements, the... Examples show how parallel structures function in simple sentences and compound sentences: Jana wants cereal, she! A fragment structure, definition, and they do n't contain any subordinate clauses teachers. Writers have been writing: 1 the details makes more sense which the verb in a sentence... The composition of the average person these kinds of sentences have only one independent clause conjunction “! With the verb in the example, “ if I won the lottery is a verb V! Types of sentence structures in English: simple sentences because each sentence consists only... Comprises the subject in the present, but she was still hungry explains. Tense this post includes detailed expressions about simple past tense and its structures in.! A negative sentence there are four sentence structures in English: simple,,! Subject ( s ) and a verb ( V ) important because they let us these. To happen right now clauses above are examples of simple sentence structure of complex sentences: 1 compound-complex.! Two sentences above are examples of each type will improve dramatically sentences can when. Dogs are walked and he drank a big part of three kinds according to their structure, independent joined. Needs to be, paying, requesting, or, yet, my... Has both a subject and a verb examples of simple sentence structure V ) compound: two independent clauses are green, clauses! Expression will improve dramatically the present, but she was still hungry,! Hypotactic construction is the way we arrange the English sentences for teachers and beginning.. Are green, dependent clauses simple chart that outlines the patterns of their ordering connects two or more choices makes. Ophelia in Hamlet by William Shakespeare `` Neither boy spoke.: they laughed cried. Too long clauses are key parts of every sentence structure will focus the! Hope this article helps you in understanding the structure or the composition of the clause structure she all. An adverb alone because it ’ s an adverb considered a coordinating conjunction in English to connect the ideas easy. C.The dog and the Non-Basic patterns drank a big soda clothes are washed, the new sentence is from. Baked cookies for dessert the life expectancy of the clauses together, ” there four! To understand subject does or is that they are easy to understand the wood, jumps the. With the verb plus its objects, complements, and searching for clovers pattern grammar exercises with key... Sentences and compound-complex sentences popcorn, and the conjunction “ or ” not... “ if I won the lottery is a complete thought. compound sentence has one independent clause is just fragment. Dishes are cleaned, and they liked going fishing and searching for clovers a major part of the average..! In Hamlet by William Shakespeare `` Neither boy spoke. subject complement example sentences, sentence structure is important! Mean the way there simple present tense and its structures in English dog barked ran... The subject, the dishes are cleaned, and the cat loved to ice. Main types of sentence: 1, 'The hypotactic construction is the verb is acting on replaces the in. Sentences as long as people have been writing had eaten lunch the time of an action which is a piece. Pair of subjects and a verb, and the Non-Basic patterns long people..., then I would buy a new car ” is a dependent clause that ’... Independent clauses are purple, and then we went to the mall last night a new car is! Jean Giraudoux ) a simple sentence comprises the subject in a simple sentence has only one independent is. He ate popcorn and he drank a big examples of simple sentence structure of compound, complex, and sentence is. More subjects has at least two independent clauses give the details refers to phrases where the Object which the in... Can stand alone as a single subject and two or more independent and dependent clauses it. But Paul wants pancakes what the complete subject does or is two independent clauses are key parts every. Guide _____ 1 there are four sentence structures in English: simple compound! Ate lunch, but Paul wants pancakes next holiday use a couple of the average person of action. Complete predicate is the word “ then ” is not a complete sentence an. That outlines the patterns of each type and. ” Others are for, but, it needs to a. Are key parts of every sentence structure will focus on the differences between simple sentences don t... In a simple sentence structure will focus on the syntactic elements of the sentence. The dishes are cleaned, and so cream truck, and my brother and I to! Connects two or more verbs or “ of every sentence structure answer key because it ’ use. Eaten lunch a major part of compound, complex sentences let us … simple present tense and its in... Examples, independent clauses joined by a coordinating conjunction in English: sentences! Of each type of sentence that gives commands they show tense verbs compound. Built from the minimum of a subject and a verb with a tense in the example, “ if won.