Mangal was charged with inciting mutiny and using violence against officers. Of the large number of freedom fighters that led the struggle, Mangal Pandey had a significant role in India's Freedom Struggle. Mangal Pandey was hanged to death on April 8, 1857. Q13. In India, Pandey has been remembered as a freedom fighter against British rule. (9) Why did the Indian soldiers in Meerut rebel against the British? As the mutiny spread, the British began called mutineers "pandies." Interested in General Knowledge and Current Affairs? Updates? 8. this is why mangal pandey was hanged to death. Some days later, some sepoys of the regiment at Meerut refused to do the army drill using the new cartridges, which were suspected of being coated with the fat of cows and pigs. Mamata Banerjee losing ground, Bengal looking for change: Union minister Gajendra Singh Shekhawat, Image of the Day: Kashmiri man sings song to bird in viral video, Copyright © 2020 Living Media India Limited. He was a sepoy of the 34th Bengal Native Infantry (BNI) mutinied against his commanding officers of the East India Company. The primary reason behind Mangal Pandey’s behavior was because of a … Mangal Pandey’s rebellious act was followed by a two-day court martial which ordered that he be hanged. The belief arose among the sepoys that the British had deliberately used the lard on the cartridges. Initial, Mangal Pandey was set to be hanged on April 18. A number of social reforms, like the Doctrine of Lapse, the issue of cartridges greased with animal fat to Indian soldiers and the introduction of a British education system had infuriated a very diverse section of Indians. While Pandey incited his fellow soldiers to join him in the rebellion, a native soldier prevented him from killing the adjutant and the sergeant-major. The stamp and the accompanying first-day cover were designed by Delhi-based artist C. R. Pakrashi. Omissions? Although the execution of Pandey was set for April 18, 1857, the British authorities fearing an outburst of a bigger revolt hanged him to death on April 8, 1857. Pandey inspired the Indian Mutiny (also called the Indian Rebellion of 1857, among other names) after rumours circulated that cow lard was used to grease rifle cartridges, which was repugnant to Hindus. Mangal Pandey’s actions in 1857 sparked the Indian Mutiny, also often called India’s First War of Independence. To use the rifle, the soldiers would have to bite off the ends of the greased cartridges in order to load the gun. Mangal Pandey was arrested and sentenced to death after he attacked British officers in Barrackpore on March 29, 1857. He belonged to a high-caste Brahmin family. Mangal Pandey (Aamir Khan), a sepoy (soldier of Indian origin) in the 34th Bengal Native Infantry of the company's army, is being led to his execution by hanging for fomenting mutiny against company rule. Who was Mangal Pandey? Born on […] Question 11. Who was Nana Saheb? Research Fellow, Institute of South Asian Studies, National University of Singapore, Singapore. Answer: Nana Saheb was the adopted son of the late Peshwa Baji ftao. In 1857, Mangal Pandey was hanged to death for attacking his officers in Barrackpore. Therefore, Mangal Pandey, a devoted Hindu Brahmin, was furious by the suspected use of fat in the cartridges and decided to display their disapproval by taking violent action against the British. April 8th, 2008 Headsman On this date in 1857, ten days before the scheduled date for his execution, Mangal Pandey was hanged at Barrackpore, India, for mutiny against his British officers — a death sentence at the intersection of technology, faith and empire that would prefigure India’s first large-scale rebellion against English authority. He rebelled against the British and was hanged. He survived and was put on trial and hanged on April 8, 1857. He said that he was not against the park but questioned why Simpson was chosen when the area had so many freedom fighters. Pandey, it should be noted, is considered a hero in India, and has been portrayed as a freedom fighter in films and even on an Indian postage stamp . True ; British were very happy after the 1857 Revolt.False; The British passed a new act in 1858 transferring the powers of East India Company to the British crown. On 29 March 1857, a young soldier, _____, was hanged to death for attacking his officers in Barrackpore. [4], Some of the sepoys of the quarter-guard then advanced and struck at the two prostrate officers. Mukherjee's analysis examined whether Pandey really was the heroic figure history had made him out to be, or just a soldier who happened to get lucky. How did Mangal Pandey die? ... Mangal Pandey & The Sepoy Mutiny - Full Movie - Animated Stories for Kids - Duration: 29:31. The first general widespread uprising against the rule of the British East India Company was The First War of Independence (1857-58). 6. Interested in General Knowledge and Current Affairs? He was from a high-caste Brahman landowning family that professed strong Hindu beliefs. A commemorative postage stamp with his image on it was issued by the Indian government in 1984. Answer: He was the general of Nana Saheb. To get more updates on Current Affairs, send in your query by mail to education.intoday@gmail.com, What agitating farmers want, and why the Centre may not oblige, How preparation for Covid vaccination drive is an opportunity to make PHCs energy efficient, The Rajinikanth dilemma in Tamil Nadu politics, Battered Congress looks at hard road ahead, Farmers' protests: Meet the volunteers who are offering laundry service at Singhu border, New Covid-19 strain not detected in India so far: Govt, US President-elect Joe Biden receives Pfizer Covid vaccine shot, India suspends UK flights, cities on alert, Counting begins for Jammu & Kashmir DDC polls. Pandey was ambitious and viewed his profession as a sepoy as a stepping-stone to future success. While he was posted at the garrison in Barrackpore in the mid-1850s, a new Enfield rifle was introduced into India that required a soldier to bite off the ends of greased cartridges in order to load the weapon. Technology Gunning for it Ultimately, Mangal Pandey was hanged till death. On 29 March 1857, a young soldier, Mangal Pandey, was hanged to death for attacking his officers in Barrackpore. This initiated a period when heightened Indian nationalism steered India toward independence. Finally, on 8th April 1857, he hanged till death. He was made a soldier (sepoy) in the 6th Company of the 34th Bengal Native Infantry, which included a large number of Brahmans. 5) On May 10th, 1857,a revolt broke out in the military cantonment of Meerut as well and this revoltspre… Mangal Pandey is famous in Indian history as a freedom fighter who gave his life to free the country from the British raj. Mangal Pandey was born on July 19, 1827 in village Nagwa of district Ballia in Uttar Pradesh. The term reflects an attitude of contempt. He was a Hindu of the aristocratic Brahman caste, which had been especially dispossessed under British paramountcy. 29-year old Mangal Pandey, belonged from Ballia district in modern-day Uttar Pradesh, and had joined the Bengal Army in 1849. He was hanged on 8 April 1857. On 29 March, 1857 a young soldier, Mangal Pandey was hanged to death for attacking his officers in Barrackpore. All members were native officers and court was headed by Subedar Major Jawahar Lal Tiwari (43rd BNI). Not much is known about Mangal Pandey, a sepoy in the army of the East India Company, save his one act of rebellion: the killing of two British soldiers for which he was hanged. Get exclusive access to content from our 1768 First Edition with your subscription. When Mangal Pandey was 22 years old, he joined the army of the British East India Company in 1849. The Government of India commemorated Pandey by issuing a postage stamp bearing his image on 5 October 1984. But the plans of Mangal Pandey ruined due to some reasons and Mangal Pandey and his rebellions condemned and he was put on trial. mangal pandey, a Sepoy who worked as a soldier in British India had refused to use the new cartridges assigned to them as gun powder. His actions against the British triggered a series of revolts all over India, which ultimately culminated in India's First War of Independence. Click here to stay informed and know what is happening around the world with our G.K. and Current Affairs section. Will farmers relent after PM Narendra Modi's outreach? Mangal Pandey was accordingly charged with propagation and waging of Armed rebellion against English Regime coupled with open disobedience to the command of English officers and sentenced to be hanged to death. At the Barrackpore ground near Kolkata, on the afternoon of 29 March 1857, Pandey attacked and injured his British sergeant and wounded an adjutant. A rumour spread that the lubricant used was either cow or pig lard, which was repugnant to Hindus or Muslims, respectively. One member Subedar Sewambar Panday was from Mangal’s own 34th BNI. Mangal Pandey, a sepoy in the 34th Regiment of the Bengal Native Infantry (BNI) of the East India Company, made a mark in the Indian history for attacking his British officers. The Indian soldiers thought that this was a deliberate attempt by the British to dishonour their religion. Mangal Pandey was quick to analyze that his arrest was unavoidable therefore; he tried to commit a suicide but could not succeed. Mangal Pandey was sued They were sentenced to hang Indian Krantikari Mangal Pandey was hanged on April 8, 1857. Mangal was tried on April 06 by a fourteen member native general court martial. He was arrested for the attack and sentenced to death. 2) The British rule was badly shaken by the flame of the revolution he instigated. Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. 0 ; view full answer mangal pandey was angry on the recent actions of east india company on the new cartridges which had casing made from fats of cow and pig , as cow being sacred to hindus and pigs being abhorrent to muslims soldiers refused to use them. Mangal Pandey was an Indian sepoy in the service of the British East India Company. Eventually, he was hanged on April 8, when the situation seemed to be unhealthy. Pandey Neither a Martyr Nor a Hero: Revisiting the 1857 Mutiny. Regiment. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. INDIA'S FIRST FREEDOM FIGHTER WAS HANGED ON 8TH APRIL 1857. Resistance to the use of Enfield cartridges later that month in Meerut led to the outbreak of a revolt there in May and the start of the larger insurrection. In addition, a movie and stage play that depicted his life both appeared in 2005. Corrections? Jemadar Ishwari Prasad was also sentenced to death by hanging since he … 4) During the revolution of 1857, Mangal Pandey gave rise to a rebellion that spread like wildfire to the whole of North India and other parts of the country. Mangal Pandey was executed on April 8 1857. On 29 March 1857, a young soldier, Mangal Pandey, was hanged to death for attacking his officers in Barrackpore. In a week, Mangal Pandey was put on trial and sentenced to death by hanging. स्वतंत्रता सेनानी मंगल पाण्डेय Mangal Pandey. He is widely known in India as one of its first freedom fighters. His death inspired youths and all were turned against the British. During the trial, the court declared him guilty and sentenced to death. His father Divakar Pandey was a peasant. Why is he famous? 7. These Indians rose in revolt at a number of places all over India. Anticipating a revolt, British authorities moved up his initial execution date from April 18 to April 8, when he was hanged. Mangal Pandey was arrested and sentenced to death after he attacked British officers in Barrackpore on March 29, 1857. Sachidanand Pandey, who is a descendant of freedom fighter Jai Mangal Pandey, has expressed dismay over naming the park after Captain Simpson and demanded that his name should be removed. Pandey was born in a town near Faizabad in what is now eastern Uttar Pradesh state in northern India, although some give his birth place as a small village near Lalitpur (in present-day southwestern Uttar Pradesh). However, the general agreement is that Pandey attempted to incite his fellow sepoys to rise up against their British officers, attacked two of those officers, attempted to shoot himself after having been restrained, and eventually was overpowered and arrested. The first Anglo-Afghan war finished in 1842, Pandey did not join up until 1849, and his regiment – the 34th Bengal Native Infantry – did not see action in Afghanistan. He was arrested and sentenced to death. Despite this rebellious hero was unsuccessful yet his contribution was … What was the first step taken by the company towards ending the Mughal dynasty? In 1857 _____, the adopted son of the late Peshwa Baji Rao who lived near Kanpur, joined the rebels to fight against British forces. An enquiry by the British government was conducted on the 34th B.N.I. Question 12. Who was Tantia Tope? His actions against the British triggered a series of revolts all over India, which ultimately culminated in India's First War of Independence. this was because the cartridges were suspected to be coated of … A new Enfield rifle was introduced in India by the British and rumours had it that the cartridges were greased with animal fat, primarily from pigs and cows. Pandey joined the army of the British East India Company in 1849, some accounts suggesting that he was recruited by a brigade that marched past him. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Since cows are holy animals to the Hindus, and the pigs were abhorrent for the Muslims, the use of these fats was considered controversial by the Indian soldiers. Reading Mangal Pandey‘s engagement with history is thus useful for the understanding of the more general cultural trends and positions. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. The main reason why Mangal Pandey betrayed the British Raj was the newly launched “Enfield P … Mangal Pandey Death. Mangal Pandey was hanged to death on April 8, 1857. Answer: Mangal Pandey was a sepoy in the Company army. During the trial, he told that he mutinied on his own free will and was not encouraged by any other sepoy. The Indian rebellion of 1857 was started over a rifle introduced to the sepoy armies. Dear Reader, My name is Manisha Dubey Jha. For reprint rights: Syndications Today.
Q13. His execution (by hanging) was set for April 18, but British authorities, fearing the outbreak of a large-scale revolt if they waited until then, moved the date up to April 8. Later Years. Why was Mangal Pandey hanged? Editor of. Pandey’s career ambitions, however, came into conflict with his religious beliefs. The rebellion led to the abolition of the British East India Company in favour of direct British rule. https://www.britannica.com/biography/Mangal-Pandey, MapsofIndia.com - Government and Politics - Biography of Mangal Pandey, IndiaNetzone - Indian Personalities - Biography of Mangal Pandey, ILoveIndia.com - Biography of Mangal Pandey. Mangal Pandey, (born July 19, 1827, Akbarpur, India—died April 8, 1857, Barrackpore), Indian soldier whose attack on British officers on March 29, 1857, was the first major incident of what came to be known as the Indian, or Sepoy, Mutiny (in India the uprising is often called the First War of Independence or other similar names). committed a reckless act for which he was hanged. Some contemporary reports suggested that he was under the influence of drugs—possibly cannabis or opium—and was not fully aware of his actions. He played a key role in the revolt of 1857 also known a Sepoy mutiny of 1857. However, the date was changed due to increased tension at the time. I have been blogging for 3 years and through the Fast Read.in I have been giving important educational content as far as possible to the reader. Mangal Pandey played a key part in events immediately preceding the 1857 rebellion and is widely regarded as a freedom fighter in modern India. _____ means Foreigners. Question 13. 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