There were political, economic, social, religious and military causes of the revolt. Consequences of Revolt of 1857 Nationalism causes of revolt of 1857 1. Karl Marx in his several essays described this revolt as nationalist fight for independence. One of the major reasons for the revolt was socio-religious policies of the British which included racial superiority and discrimination, missionary activities and deliberate efforts to subvert the religious beliefs of the people in India. This course will be conducted in Hindi and the notes will be provided in English. Pavan Choudhary. Discontinuation of the pension of the Peshwa Nana Sahib shocked the Marathas. So it can be called a national movement. They supported the British. Introduction In 1857 the British faced a serious challenge to their control of India. Though the uprising of 1857 failed, it had its importance. This War was fought in 1857 by Indians against the British in order to get rid of their domination. Thus was a great disparity in salaries between the Indian and European soldiers. What were the Causes and Consequences of the War of Independence (1857) The Causes of the War. The increasing activities of the Christian missionaries and the actual conversions made by them were taken as a proof of this fear. Also Read: Causes of the Revolt of 1857. This was … They might have been intended to modernise India but, at the same time, irritated and alienated some conservative elements who lost property, prestige and power by these measures. Annexation of Indian states by the Company cut off their major source of patronage. Some historians are of opinion that the revolt in the North-Western province was a lawless revolt by a group of sepoys. On application of the ‘Doctrine of Lapse’ or on the ground of mis-governance he annexed states after states deploring their rulers. Sen describes it as "having begun as a fight for religion but ended as a war of independence." It led to changes in the system of administration and the policy of the Government. Marxist writers looked at this event as uprising of peasants against feudal system of exploitation. Though in the beginning it was like sepoy mutiny, but later on it turned out to be a real mass upsurge. 1. Oct 18, 2020 - The Revolt of 1857 - Causes of failure and Consequences (Hindi) Humanities/Arts Video | EduRev is made by best teachers of Humanities/Arts. Gradually it spread from Punjab in the north to Narmada in south, from Rajputana in the west to Bihar in the east. Roy said that it was the reaction of the feudal against capitalism. There had been discontent at assignments to Burma, resulting in the 1856 General Services Enlistment Act requiring sepoys to serve wherever posted. In his opinion it was nothing better than feudalistic reaction of the revolt. They actively encouraged socia… That ignited the fire. The whites also started interfering in the religious and … The direct effects of the Revolt of 1857 may be summed up in the following words: First, the Revolt of 1857 exposed the danger involved in allowing a commercial organization to rule over a country. Because of all these reasons Kings, Princes, their courtiers and disbanded s… High land revenue disabled peasantry class. 11 mins. Educated middle-class people also were behind the British power. DMPQ- . Huge numbers of Indians were thrown out of employment. Further the leaders of this revolt could not get the support of several native states like Holker, Scindia and Rajput sardars and kings. There were political, economic, social, religious and military causes of the revolt. Dr. Majumder thought that this was nothing but a revolt of the sepoy. Military cause: The sepoys of the company regiment had been feeling dissatisfied with the English for various reasons. The War of Independence is an important landmark in the history of Sub-Continent. Under the leadership of Mangal Pandey the agony of the Sepoys exposed at Barrackpore in Calcutta (March, 1857 A.D.). With the outbreak of mutiny among Sepoys common men joined the revolt. Major Causes of Revolt of 1857 Economic Causes. Consequences of Revolt of 1857. The revolt of 1857 is an important marker in Indian History and is an area where questions have repeatedly featured in the Civil Services (Prelims) and Civil Services (Mains) Examinations conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC). But it was not simply a revolt of sepoys. There were several revolts before this, but there was no feeling of Indian-ness in those revolts. The Indian Revolt of 1857-Causes The Indian Revolt of 1857-Causes The revolt began with a military mutiny, borne of festering grievances among the soldiers of the Bengal Army. 1.1 Lack of Planning and Co-ordination; 1.2 Weak Leadership of the 1857 Mutiny; 2 Military Causes of Failure of 1857 Revolt. The Revolt of 1857, the Indian Rebellion of 1857, the Uprising of 1857, the Great Rebellion, the Indian Mutiny, the Sepoy Mutiny, are the different names for India’s First War of Independence against the British. Causes of Revolt of 1857 3. Perhaps the most important cause of the people’s discontent was the economic exploitation of the country by the British and the complete destruction of its traditional economic fabric. It was the most remarkable single event in the history of India after the establishment of British rule. Nature of the Great Revolt of 1857. What are the implications after its removal? It can be said that the great revolt of 1857 A.D. was a failure, but was not fruitless. Dalhousie through his policies had added considerable territories to the British Empire in India. The sepoys fought the battle with their limited strength for four months. The British left no stone unturned to create an eternal wall between Hindus and Muslims. His commander Tantia Topi continued the fight up to April, 1859 A.D. and surrendered to the British force. This was unique. Exploitation of the Zamindars gave rise 10 landless laborers who became restless by and by. 1857 revolt:causes and itsconsequences 2. The Revolt of 1857 was the first sign that the Indians wanted to end British rule and were ready to stand united for this cause. Bahadur Shah was arrested. In 1856, he captured Oudh on the plea of misrule. Watch all CBSE Class 5 to 12 Video Lectures here. The revolt of 1857 did not spread to South India and most of Eastern and western India. That ignited the fire. CONSEQUENCES . Watch Consequences of Revolt of 1857 in English from Indian Freedom Movement and 1857 Revolt in India here. This is not an example of the work written by professional essay writers. Social cause: The English could not establish any social relationship with the Indians. But the planned revolt started at Meerut (May, 1857 A.D.). That is why it is also called sepoy Mutiny. State the causes and consequences of revolt of 1857 Ask for details ; Follow Report by Shalutiwari036 09.02.2020 Log in to add a comment This created a kind of discontentment and distrust among the people against the British rule. In the Ajamgarh declaration a call was given to people of all classes of mass to unite against the British rule. The Revolt of 1857 led to the many major changes in the administration and the policy of the British Government. (1) Political and administrative, (2) Economic, (3) Social and religious, and (4) Military and the immediate affair of greased cartridges M.N. Farmers and artisans put further force behind the mutiny. Political Causes: Lord Dalhousie was the Governor-General of India till 1848-1856. The sepoys fought the battle with their limited strength for four months. Out   of such discon­tent the Indian sepoys led to a mutiny. Lakshmi Bai of Jhansi lost her life in the battle­ground. Causes for Revolt of 1857- Political and Socio-Religious. His maltreatment towards the Mughal emperor Bahadur Shah-II hurt the sentiment of the Muslim community. There are differences of opinions amongst historians about the character of this great revolt. Not only the ruling house, but also the employees and other dependent families were deprived of their livings for the policy of Dalhousie. Some historians are of opinion that the revolt in the North-Western province was a lawless revolt by a group of sepoys. Satara, Jhansi, Sambalpur, Nagpur, etc. DMPQ- Discuss the impact of Martial law on the status of Fundamental rights. Unpopular revenue settlement 1. There was no central organization of the sepoys. There was no central organization of the sepoys. There was no unified action also. Thus out of discontent the artisans and peasantry joined hands with the sepoys in the mutiny. Nana Saheb lost the battle of Kanpur. On the other hand, the British force had huge and improved armory. The company’s trade policy destroyed Indian handicrafts. That is why it is also called sepoy Mutiny. Though in the beginning it was like sepoy mutiny, but later on it turned out to be a real mass upsurge. There was no unified action also. Also, the import of British Machine to India, the exclusion of Indian sepoys at higher ranks in … The company’s trade policy destroyed Indian handicrafts. This aspect is not as simple as it appears at first sight. So it can be called a national movement. Under the leadership of Mangal Pandey the agony of the Sepoys exposed at Barrackpore in Calcutta (March, 1857 A.D.). The subsidiary alliance and the Doctrine of Lapse of Dalhousie angered Indian Princes. The causes of the Great Revolt of 1857 and Sepoy Mutiny may be studied in the following heads: Political cause: Major political cause for the outbreak of the Revolt was the policy of annexation followed by Dalhousie. Economic cause: The Great Revolt of 1857 was also an outburst of grievances due to the economic exploitation of the company. Even inspite of failure that served a great purpose, it was a source of inspiration in India’s freedom struggle. 12 mins. Out of such discon­tent the Indian sepoys led to a mutiny. It is also given names as Indian Rebellion, Indian Mutiny as well as Indian Revolt. See instructions, TSPSC Mains General Studies- PAPER-II: HISTORY, CULTURE AND GEOGRAPHY, TSPSC Group I Prelims Exam 2020- Test Series and Notes Program, TSPSC  Prelims and Mains Tests Series and Notes Program. Development of National Feeling: Dr. K. M Panikkar wrote that though the sepoys had limitations and weaknesses, but their efforts to make India free from British rule was patriotic work and a progressive step. Watch all CBSE Class 5 to 12 Video Lectures here. Heavy Taxation on artisans and handicrafts. Enactment of some Acts greatly offended the sentiment of the people. He also said that in some places few non-military persons came out in support of the sepoys but they were local landlords, talukdars and feudal leaders. Causes of 1857 Revolt The issue of greased cartridges and military grievances has been over-emphasized, as the factor for the Revolt of 1857. The rebels had succeeded in sowing the seeds of nationalism among the Indians. Bahadur Shah, Nana Saheb, Lakshmi Bai, no one had acceptance as a real leader. Economic Causes of First War of Independence. Money-lenders and traders emerged as the new landlords. Followings are the major consequences of the revolt of 1857: The policy of annexation and expansion of British empire in India ended. fill victim in his aggressive policy. The self-confidence of the British and their plans for the rapid westernization of India through social reforms were shattered. Lack of Societal Alternative This post describes in detail the impact of Revolt of 1857 and the political, administrative and other changes that took place in the aftermath of the 1857 sepoy mutiny. The British, opened a new avenue of exploitation on the peasants By introducing permanent settlement. The Revolt of 1857 was the first sign that the Indians wanted to end British rule and were ready to stand united for this cause. The nonconformists turned for organization to Delhi to get the favors of the Mughal Emperor and subsequently accommodate their exercises credibility. The Great Revolt of 1857 (also Indian rebellion of 1857, the Great uprising of 1857, the Great rebellion, Indian Sepoy mutiny) is regarded as India’s First War of Independence against the British rule. It proved to be a source of encouragement to the National freedom struggle. The consequences, however, lasted over ninety years right up to the time of Indian independence in 1947, and beyond. DMPQ: Social reform movements played their role in making of modern India. Discuss the position of Right to property since independence. Home — Essay Samples — History — Revolt of 1857 — The Revolt Of 1857, Its Reasons And Consequences This essay has been submitted by a student. The policies and laws introduced by the Company created discontentment among the rulers, landlords, peasants, tribals and sepoys and all wanted an end to the colonial rule. As the revolt was started by the Indian sepoys in the British army, the revolt became known as Sepoy mutiny. The main causes were disunity of the Indians, lack of complete nationalism etc. Consequently the British Parliament by an Act transferred the control of the Indian government from the East India Company to the British Crown. The policy of annexation and conquest has also been widely pointed out as one of the principal causes of the rebellion of 1857. They declared old Mughal Emperor Bahadur Shah as the Badshah of India. Thus, from the above discussion, we can say that the main causes of the Revolt of 1857 were due to various policies introduced by the British, the rapid spread of English education, imposing of heavy duties. The various causes of the Mutiny of 1857 can be classified into several heads such as political, administrative, economic, Socio-religious, military and immediate causes.. GK, General Studies, Optional notes for UPSC, IAS, Banking, Civil Services. M.N. Importance and Outcome of the Great Revolt of 1857. According to Marxist historians, the 1857 revolt was “the struggle of the soldier-peasant democratic combine against foreign as well as feudal bondage”. The policy of Doctrine of Lapse was applied not only to Princes but also big Zamindars. Economic cause: The Great Revolt of 1857 was also an outburst of grievances due to the economic exploitation of the company. The Revolt of 1857 was an unsuccessful but heroic effort to eliminate foreign rule. V.D. The peasantry were never really to recover from the disabilities imposed by the new and a highly unpopular revenue settlement. His maltreatment towards the Mughal emperor Bahadur Shah-II hurt the sentiment of the Muslim community. Like the causes, the consequences were political, economic, social and military in nature. Savarkar called 1857 revolt as the First War of Indian Independence. This Revolt was initiated by the sepoys of the company. The British had a huge number of forces. The causes of the mutiny, therefore, were several and had been simmering for a long period of time but especially from 1848 to 1857. Causes And Consequences Of The War Of Independence 893 Words | 4 Pages. On the other hand, the British force had huge and improved armory. Revolt 1857 Causes Several causes as follows were responsible for the great rising: The fear of the native rulers that their states would be taken over by the English, the resentment of the people of the annexed states and the occasional disrespect shown to Bahadur Shah, the Mughal emperor by the English constituted the political causes. Direct cause: At that time, Enfield rifles were introduced in the army. All these states came under British rule. India’s traditional economy collapsed as a result of the British ‘investment’ policies and revenue administration. What Was The Causes Of The Revolt Of 1857 1699 Words | 7 Pages. The sepoys were sent to distant parts of the empire, but were not paid any extra allowance. In this course, Pavan Choudhary will discuss the causes and consequences of the Revolt of 1857 in detail. Indian sepoys were refused promotion in service as like their European counterparts. He looked the palaces of Nagpur and Oudh. Discontinuation of the pension of the Peshwa Nana Sahib shocked the Marathas. Causes and Consequences of The Revolt of 1857. There was a clear lack of unity among the rebels and there was no common purpose among them during the revolt of 1857. 9 mins . There were several reasons behind the failure of this revolt. Many causes led to the outbreak of Revolt of 1857. Discuss. The main persons behind this rebellion were the soldiers [sepoy]. Metcalf says Stokes undermines the assumption that 1857 was a response to general causes emanating from entire classes of people. The chance of a win became remote. Lack of coordination between the sepoys, peasants, zamindars and other classes, was also a reason. “The Revolt of 1857” Amit Mishra Class – 8th (B) Roll No. The immediate cause of the revolt was the introduction of the new Enfield rifle and the greased cartridge. Economic cause: The Great Revolt of 1857 was also an outburst of grievances due to the economic exploitation of the company. The company’s trade policy destroyed Indian handicrafts. Military Causes of First War of Independence. 13 mins. It may be righty that they had no idea about national government, but nationalism was there. The revolt did not spread to all the parts of India instead … 2.1 Superior British Army; 2.2 Limited Supplies and Lack of Modern Communication; 3 Political Reasons for the Failure of 1857 Revolt. Nov 23, 2018 • 1 h 19 m . He also said that in some places few non-military persons came out in support of the sepoys but they were local landlords, talukdars and feudal leaders. End of Company Rule: The political result of this great revolt was the end of company’s rule in India. 2. India’s traditional economy collapsed as a result of the British ‘investment’ policies and revenue administration. But it was not simply a revolt of sepoys. There were several reasons behind the failure of this revolt. *Many fierce battles occurred and India kept This video is highly rated by Humanities/Arts students and has been viewed 169 times. Further the leaders of this revolt could not get the support of several native states like Holker, Scindia and Rajput sardars and kings. On observing this historians thought that, up to this period there was no communal feelings among the masses. This discontent of royal families, army men and common people jointly exposed in the Great Revolt of 1857. This course will be conducted in Hindi and the notes will also be provided in English. Syllabus and Pattern of TSPSC Mains Exam, Syllabus and Pattern of TSPSC Prelims Exam. The revolt of 1857 had very narrow social and geographical basis that contributed to its collapse. The revolt of 1857 A.D. was a collected effort of different sections of people. It was the most remarkable single event in the history of India after the establishment of British rule. The sepoys had no improved arms with them. Revolt of 1857: Causes, Leaders Nature of the revolt • Revolt of 1857 began as a revolt of the sepoys but eventually secured the participation of the masses. Huge numbers of Indians were thrown out of employment. Unsurprisingly, it has become the metaphor for the freedom struggle. It is considered as the country’s First War of Independence which was against the rule of the British.. One consequence of the mutiny was the establishment of direct British governance of India. By the end of 1859 A.D. the British power was reestablished in troubled areas. Exploitation of the Zamindars gave rise 10 landless laborers who became restless by and by. The sepoys had no improved arms with them. DMPQ: What is 52nd Constitutional amendment act. DMPQ: Raja Ram mohanroy was the maker of Modern India. The British had a huge number of forces. It began when Indian troops (sepoys) in the service of Britain’s East India Company refused to use purportedly tainted weaponry. The Indian Sepoy Mutiny of 1857 is also known as the Great Revolt, Indian Rebellion, the Great Uprising and the Great Rebellion of 1857. Discuss the issues attached with it. The revolt of 1857 is an important marker in Indian History and is an area where questions have repeatedly featured in the Civil Services (Prelims) and Civil Services (Mains) Examinations conducted by the Union Public Service Commission (UPSC). Here, we briefly outline the Military factors which helped cause the revolt. India’s traditional economy collapsed as a result of the British ‘investment’ policies and revenue administration. The causes of the Great Revolt of 1857 and Sepoy Mutiny may be studied in the following heads: Political cause: Major political cause for the outbreak of the Revolt was the policy of annexation followed by Dalhousie. Indian Mutiny, widespread but unsuccessful rebellion begun in 1857 against British rule in India. Indian sepoys were refused promotion in service as like their European counterparts. Roy said that it was the reaction of the feudal against capitalism. The sepoys established a symbol of Hindu-Muslim unity by electing Bahadur Shah as the Emperor of India. Politically, the British government changed its entire administrative strategy for controlling India in the aftermath of the mutiny. The chance of a win became remote. Huge numbers of Indians were thrown out of employment. On the centenary of the great revolt Dr. Ramesh Chandra Majumder wrote and published a book entitled ‘Sepoy Mutiny’ and ‘Revolt of Eighteen Fifty Seven’. V.D. Under him the British followed an expansionist policy in India. But it was not simply a revolt of the sepoys. A major cause of the outbreak of the revolt was the fear among the people that the British government was determined to destroy their religion and convert Indians to Christianity. They could not match improved guns and ri­fles with their old model musket, spears and sword. It was the result of the century-old British rule in India. which actively helped the British. With the outbreak of mutiny among Sepoys common men joined the revolt. Ill framed “doctrine of lapse” of Lord Dalhousie was cancelled. The bullets of these rifles were covered by paper with grease like thing. Kunwar Singh, Bakht Khan of Bihar, Bahadur Khan, Moulavi Ahmed of Faizabad lost their lives one after the other. It was believed that the grease was made out of the fats of cows and pigs. 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