6. Deserts receive less than 25 centimeters of rain per year and this value is often variable, so it can sometimes be even lower. On the Ground • The information from this study is important for helping promote a more sustainable use of resources , such as grasses and shrubs, and in increasing an understanding of the utilization dynamics and their impact on potential recovery in the study area and beyond. (2 species), Capparis Linn. The Indus civilization was the earliest centre of ceramics, and thus the pottery of Cholistan has a long history. Like the flora in the area, the fauna have evolved incredible characteristics in order to survive in the extreme Namib Desert. So many tourists use the opportunity to dive, or participating in expeditions to observe the dolphins and whales. The study recorded 64 floral species of 25 plant families. [6], Cholistan covers an area of 25,800 km2 (10,000 sq mi)[2][8] in the Bahawalpur, Bahawalnagar, and Rahim Yar Khan districts of southern Punjab. with the Indus valley civilization including Mohenjo, 5000 years ago. The flora may range from a local to regional level casing varied habitats [1, [5], This project is to reconstruct the phylogeny of Inverted repeat lacking clade (IRLC) and the related temperate herbaceous groups, especially IRLC genera by chloroplast phylogenomic data. The most abundant are the large black desert ants, that densely inhabit the akacia groves of Karkur Talh and the Gilf valleys, and incredulously butterflies, that seem to appear at any spot with the slightest green vegetation. Khes is a form of blanket with a field of black white and pattu has a white ground base. The Monte Desert. Many of us might have heard about Cholistan desert and its surrounding areas but because of lack of knowledge we don’t know anything about this far flung region of Pakistan. [11], Soil quality is generally poor with little organic matter in the Greater Cholistan, and compacted alluvial clays in the Lesser Cholistan. Khes and pattu are also manufactured with wool or cotton. Colony District,” West Pakistan Agriculture University, plants of West-Pakistan and Kashmir,” Fakhri Printing. The Badro Mountain is a part of Kirthar Mountain range, which is important for its ecological value and conservation of species and habitats. In the area, 442 taxa belonging to 62 families and 253 genera were determined. In Cholistan desert, two sources of water, one is rainfall and other is sub-soil, water. The largest family of the area is Poaceae with 34 species. The nearest major city is Bahawalpur city, 30 km (19 mi) from the edge of the desert. [10] A canal system built during the British era led to irrigation of the northern part of Lesser Cholistan. This work, A floristic survey of Cholistan desert was carried out during 2009-2011 and total of 38 families, 106 genera and 154 species were documented from the area. Islamia University, Bahawalpur, 1992, p. 34. Thus periodic updating of floral diversity in the form of checklists of a region is necessary to understand species to species and species to environment interactions ( Tastad et al., 2010;Shaheen et al., 2014;Shin- wari et al., 2012Shin- wari et al., , 2015). Poaceae was found to be the largest family hanra National Park, Bahawalpur,” M.Sc. A TOKTEN Con-. [6] The river carried significant amounts of water, and flowed until at least where Derawar Fort is now located. Present studies are aimed to document the herpetofauna of Cholistan Desert and study its ecology. will be able to resolve several challenging issues in the systematics and phylogenetic relationships of this clade. The Nagarparkar is usually hot during summer when temperature varies from 40 °C to 45 °C. Ajrak is another specialty of Cholistan. The research area is situated in Şanlιurfa province and within C7 of the grid system. [9] The average household size is 6.65.[9]. ... Grey partridge is one of the few birds that can be found in the Cholistan desert. number of species in the study area. Trifolium L. (6), Centaurea L. (5), and Salvia L. (4). As per the 1998 Census of Pakistan, a total of 128,019, with a 2015 estimate of 229,071, with 70% living in Lesser Cholistan. with 34 species followed by Papilionaceae and Zygophyllaceae with 10 species while Asteraceae with 9 species respectively. The absence of vegetation and water makes it difficult for the earth to absorb solar radiation. Another prince, Dr. Fahad was fined with Rs. Most of the Sind Sagar Doab, the most western of the doab s of Punjab, was an… 40, No. "[4], In ancient times, Cholistan was a fertile region with a large river fed by meltwater from the Himalayas,[5] and so has a high density of ancient settlements from the Indus Valley Civilization period dating back as early as 4000 BCE. 1. The present study demonstrates vegetation variations triggered by pre and post monsoon down pours of Thar Desert. of thirteen families are represented with one species. piyalas,[what language is this?] Flora of Cholistan by S. Murtaza Hussain. Current research has practical implementation potential in the fields of pharmaco-vigilance, trade of medicinal plants and biodiversity conservation. The desert stretches about 480 kilometres in length, with a width varying between 32 and 192 kilometres. Rain water is collected in “Tobas” man-mad, of xerophytic species adapted to wide range of seve, temperature, moisture and edaphic conditions. For this reason, it is difficult for the earth to conserve heat at night; this causes strong decrea… Because of the nomadic way of life the main wealth of the people are their cattle that are bred for sale, milked or shorn for their wool. 5, 2008, pp. Camel wool is spun and woven into beautiful woolen blankets known as falsies and into stylish and durable rugs. [9] Water is collected seasonally in a system of natural pools called Toba,[11] or manmade pools call Kund. (2 species), Salvadora Linn. Cholistan Institute of Desert Studies, Islamia University, http://dx.doi.org/10.3923/pjbs.2002.1110.1113, Moazzam, “Edaphic Factors and Distribution of Vegeta-, Coastal Littoral Vegetation of Rotuma Island, Fiji,”, ternational Journal of Agriculture and Biology, Zeytinbahçe and Akarçay (Birecik, fianliurfa, Turkey), can-Eurasian Journal of Agricultural & Environmental, Flora of Margallah Hills National Park, Islamabad, Paki-, Leguminous Weeds from the Flora of North Western part, list of Phanerogamic Flora of Haripur Hazara, Kh, Sheosar Lake and surrounding landscape in Deosai Plains. Brassicaceae, Cyperaceae, Mollugina-, ceae, Nyctaginaceae, Polygonaceae and Rhamnaceae, have 3 species each. Which kind of animals did evolve from dinosaurs? Very little wildlife lives there and only animals like the jackal, mongoose, jungle cat, civet cat, scaly anteater, desert cat and the wild hare live in these areas. Save as: AGRIS_AP RIS EndNote(XML) … [2] Native trees, shrubs, and grasses are drought tolerant. These lower levels of essential minerals and metals indicate their lower demands by the desert vegetation. Beneath the sand live beetles, spiders and reptiles, such as geckos. The life form of all plants determined and plants, Dombois, & Ellenberg [34]. In the desert areas there are wide ranges of temperature throughout the day and night. The study demonstrates vegetation variations and plant biodiversity conservation in arid mountainy region of Kirthar ranges of Sindh. Researchers of Cholistan Institute of Desert Studies (CIDS), the Islamia University of Bahawalpur visited the Sheikh Mohammad Bin Zayed Al-Nahyan Conservation Breeding Center (CBC) at Lal Sohanra, some 30 kilometers from here today.Houbara Foundation International (HFI) has established a Conservatio .. Cl-as 77.83±5.50 in greater cholistan. The largest family was Poaceae with 34 species followed by Papilionaceae and Zygophyllaceae with 10 species … Gold and silver bangles are also a product of Cholistan. -Very thick leaves so that the water they collect doesn't evaporate -Desert plants are good at storing water, they need to be able to keep as much water as they can Cacti (cactus) are good at storing water, too. Masons, stone carvers, artisans, artists, and designers started rebuilding the old cities and new sites, and with that flourished new courts, paintings, weaving, and pottery. The Asiatic wild ass migrates from the Indian part of the Great Rann of Kutch to the part in Pakistan in search of food. The Tharparkar desert supports a fair population of the chinkara. Papailionaceae and Zy-, diaceae are represented with 6 species each. Therefore, it was planned to broadcast the seeds of indigenous flora the form of seed balls and direct seed broadcast. In December 2016, a Qatari prince, had his hunting license rejected due to the species being endangered. 1997. The detailed field studies have been made t, season. saline and saline-sodic respectively. The vegetation was dominated by a higher number of shrub species (40%) followed by herbs (38%). Concerning the number of species, the richest genera in this region are as follows: Astragalus L. (8), Medicago L. (8), Trigonella L. (7). [10] Greater Cholistan is a mostly sandy area in the south and west part of the desert up to the border with India, and covers an area of 13,600 km2 (5,300 sq mi). Flora and Fauna of Desert. Other than the products mentioned above, Khusa (shoes) is a specialty of this area. While aphyllus represent only 1specie ( Figure 5-8). This breed is also suitable for draught purpose, though comparatively slow due to heavy body. [9] The entire region is subject to desertification due to poor vegetation cover resulting in wind erosion. These genera were represented with. Cholistan Desert is uniquely located in wild land with dearth of endemic flora counting only 128 species belonging to 32 families. of Baghdad-ul-Jadeed Campus, The Islamia University of Bahawalpur covering an area of 1250 Acres. Moreover, the all species were identified with the help of Flora of Pakistan and conserved at CBC, SALU, Khairpur. Methods of Vegetation Ecology,” Wiley & Sons, New, partment of Botany University of Punjab, Punjab, Publi-. FLORA: -Very extensive root system to gather water, this allows them to catch water as soon as it touches the ground. So all their crafts initially stemmed from necessity but later on they started exporting their goods to the other places as well. A floristic survey of Cholistan desert was carried out during 2009-2011 and total of 38 families, 106 genera and 154 species were documented from the area. A beautiful cloth called Sufi is also woven of silk and cotton, or with cotton wrap and silk wool. Malvaceae, Portulaceae, Tamarica-, ceae and Tiliaceae are represented by 2 species. Flora and fauna (biota) of the UAE. This area harbors 256 species belonging to 212 genera in 71 families. Floristic Composition of the Plants of the Cholistan Desert, species were documented from the area. During the rule of Mughal Emperor Akbar, it became a proper productive unit. Fauna. with 45 species followed by Papilionaceae (23 species), Asteraceae (18 species), Euphorbiaceae (12 species), Solanaceae Dr Muhammad Abdullah, university faculty member and activity organiser stated that seeds … A total of ten plant species representing with six genera of Acacia Mill. of plant species (257) species followed by the cultivated area (191)then the desert area (60). Berella is another heavy and milch breed of camel famous for milk production and can produce upto 10-15 liters of milk per day. Therophytes comprised of 74 species (48%), Chamaephyte 40 species (26%), Hemicryptophyte 18 species (12%), Phanerophyte 19 species (12%) and Cryptophyte 3 species (2%) of the flroa of the area. According to a press release issued here, the flora and fauna system of Cholistan desert area had been affected from global warming, weather change and humane activities. were with 3 species. Written in English — 89 pages This edition doesn't have a description yet. 80,000 ($760) and all of the birds he caught were set free for hunting without permit and license. What are evergreen tropical or subtropical forests called? A physio-chemical soil study of greater and lesser Cholistan desert of southern Punjab Pakistan. Camels are not only useful for transportation and loading purposes, but its skin and wool are also quite worthwhile. [9] There are 131 plant species in Cholistan from 89 genera and 24 families. The rest. [13] Smaller forts in the area include Bara, Bhagla, Duheinwala, Falji, Kandera, Liara, Murid, Machki, Nawankot, and Phulra forts. A floristic survey of Cholistan desert was carried out during 2009-2011 and total of 38 families, 106 genera and 154 species were documented from the area. Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. The surface of the desert is a wild maze of sand dunes and sand ridges. T. J. Roberts, Ed., Oxford University Press, Oxford, 1995. partment of Botany, University of Karachi, Karachi. M. Arshad, H. Anwar, M. Y. Ashraf, S. Noureen and M. any, Vol. Mughal, M.R. (3 species) were explored and studied taxonomically first time from the study area. Comparison of six barcode regions showed that ITS2 has the highest number of variable sites (209/360) for tested Fabaceae and (106/365) Poaceae species, the highest species-level identification (40%) in BLASTn procedure, distinct DNA barcoding gap, 100% correct species identification in BM and BCM functions of TAXONDNA, and clear cladding pattern with high nodal support in phylogenetic trees in both families. Cholistan is now selling the wool for it brings maximum profit. Fauna The wildlife of Cholistan desert mostly consists of migratory birds, especially Houbara bustard who migrates to this part during winters. A field study aimed at knowing the patterns of distribution of surface dwelling fauna in Cholistan desert, was conducted from January 2000 to December 2001. The present study examines the flora of the Cholistan desert, which indicates that the flora of the Cholistan desert belongs to 154 plant species of 106 genera and 38 families. FLORA AND FAUNA . 0 Ratings 0 Want to read; 0 Currently reading; 0 Have read; This edition published in 1972 by Manager, Govt. Camels of Marrecha or Mahra breed are mainly used for riding and load carrying but may be trained for dancing or racing. More than 75% of the identified species were perennial. For example, there are areas of the Sahara desert that spend years without receiving a single drop of rain. The fineness of the earth can be observed on the Kacha houses which are actually plastered with mud but look like they have been white washed. Rapinat Herbarium, St. Joseph’s College, Tiruchirapalli, Agricultural and Water Research Center, Ministry of Ag-, tanical Survey of India,” Vol. Thesis, Govt. Since, numerous studies have documented the floristic inventories and vegetation pattern in the country and around the world. Parts of Thal desert and Cholistan desert are now being irrigated. All you need to do it look closely at the sand to see countless little tracks from the various interesting animals that have made this Desert their home. The life form of plant species was determined by following the Raunkier’’s method. Of all the collected specimens, 30 taxa are new records for the C7 square, 16 (3.59%) taxa are endemic for Turkey, 2 taxa belong to Cryptogamae, and 440 taxa belong to Phanerogamae. The entire area was ruled by a host of kings who securely guarded their frontiers. tainable utilization of plant resources of the area. The areas is becoming popular among the tourists and nature lovers for its wide variety of ecological features which support the range of biological diversity. This species of birds is most famous in the hunting season, even though they are endangered in Pakistan ( vulnerable globally), according to IUCN Red List . The life form of plant species was determined by following the Raunkier’’s method. The study also recorded a critically endangered species, Convolvulus scindicus (Convolulaceae). Deserts Of Pakistan: 1.Cholistan Desert Cholistan desert spread over the areas of Bahawalpur , Bhawalnagar and Rahimyar Khan 2.Indus Valley Desert The Indus Valley Desert is located in the northern area of Pakistan. The rulers were the great patrons of art, and the various crafts underwent a simultaneous and parallel development, influencing each other. Keeping into consideration, present study was planned with the objectives to investi-, It will be helpful and serve for the conservation and sus-. The largest family was Poaceae with. (1 species) and, Taxonomic studies of trees of the cholistan desert, Pakistan, The present study conducted on the Cholistan desert that was carried out on two distinct regionsA physio-chemical soil study of greater and lesser Cholistan desert of southern Punjab Pakistan EUROPEAN ACADEMIC RESEARCH-Vol. [9] It is located between 27°42΄00΄΄ to 29° 45΄00΄΄ north, and 69°57' 30'′ to 72° 52' 30'′ east. The locals similarly work in enamel, producing enamel buttons, earrings, bangles, and rings. This research was carried out from 2004 to 2006 in order to determine the flora of the region between Zeytinbahçe and Akarçay, Birecik district. II, Issue 6 / September 2014 7970 were collected during an expedition of February and March 2014.This study revealed the following information; maximum pH as 8.0±0.17 and. The post monsoon rain brings green carpet of landscapes of Thar Desert including Karoonjhar mountain ranges. A floristic survey of Cholistan desert was carried out during 2009-2011 and total of 38 families, 106 genera and 154 species were documented from the area. “In order to support and strengthen flora and fauna and echo system of Cholistan desert area, Cholistan Institute of Desert Studies, Islamia University Bahawalpur got seeds of several species of plants and herbs scattered in the desert area,” it … and glasses, remarkable for their lightness and fine finishing. ... 12 The soil of the Cholistan Desert is very poor in organic matter concentration, and the pH ranges between 8.6 and 10.0 saline and saline-sodic soils, respectively. Coordinates: 28°30′N 70°00′E / 28.500°N 70.000°E / 28.500; 70.000. [5], Over 400 Harappan sites had been listed in Cholistan in the 1970s, with a further 37 added in the 1990s. with 10 species while Asteraceae with 9 species respectively. • This study improves our understanding of how shifts in vegetation characteristics resulting from land use change and management can modify the recovery of, in the case of Cholistan, previously grazed vegetation. Cholistan produces very superior type of carpet wool as compared to that produced in other parts of Pakistan. Join ResearchGate to find the people and research you need to help your work. be helpful and serve for the conservation and sustainable utilization of plant resources of the study area. The flora of the area is much more varied than the close by Patagonian Desert (which contains mainly shrubs and grasses) and the Atacama Desert (which is pretty much devoid of life). More than four thousand specimens belonging to 44 species have so far been collected/observed from the study area. According to a press release issued here, the flora and fauna system of Cholistan desert area had been affected from global warming, weather change and humane activities. [5][6] The region later became a center for caravan trade, leading to the construction of numerous forts in the medieval period to protect trade routes - of which the Derawar Fort is the best preserved example. It is also connected to Thar Desert which is extended to Sindh and then into India. (1 species) Prosopis Linn. Among the existing families, 33 families are dicotyledons, 4 families of monocotyledons and 1 family of gymnosperms . It is a special and delicate printing technique on both sides of the cloth in indigo blue and red patterns covering the base cloth. The entire collected plant specimens were processed through recommended methods for drying and preparing herbarium sheets and preserved, for future reference, at Centre for Biodiversity and Conservation (CBC), Shah Abdul Latif University (SALU), Khairpur, Sindh. Nagarparkar is a town in at the base of the Karoonjhar Mountains in Tharparkar District in Sindh province of Pakistan. Conservative measures are required to protect the declining population of threatened species. Cholistan till the era of Mughal rule had also been isolated from outside influence. The area was systematically explored and Cotton turbans and shawls are also made here. From this wool they knit beautiful carpets, rugs and other woolen items. will guide strategies aimed at better management of plant resources in the area. Migratory birds feed on desert insects and plants but due to overgrazing, drought, over exploitation of vegetation for fuel, timber and medicinal purposes, Cholistan desert was losing its biodiversity. S. I. Ali, “Significance of Flora with Special Referenc, M. M. Balos and H. Akan, “Flora of the Region between, R. Qureshi and G. R. Bhatti, “Diversity of Micro-Habitats, H. Shaheen and R. A. Qureshi, “Vegetation T. M. Udayakumar, M. Ayyanar and T. Sekar, “Angiosperms, X. Qin, R. Zhang and F. Xing, “A Study on the Flora and, S. Saeed, R, Qureshi, M. A. Ullah and M. Nasir, “Herba-, M. Arshad and A. R. Rao, “Flora of Cholistan Desert, M. Arshad, G. Akbar and S. Rashid, “Wealth of Medici-, K. M. Matthew, “Flora of Tamilnadu Carnatic,” The, M. M. Bhandhari, “Flora of Indian Desert,” Scientific. Pachaiyappa’s College, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India, Vegetation of Cat Dua Island, Norteastern Vietnam,”, Vegetation of the Different Saline Habitats in t, Journal of Environment and Earth Sciences, “Reconnaissance Soil Survey of Cholistan,” Research, (Systematic List of Trees, Shrubs and Herbs),”, “Diversity of Plant Species in Lal Suhanra, http://dx.doi.org/10.3923/jbs.2002.267.274. It consists of Insects such as Anopheles mosquito, Caterpillar, Scorpions, Spiders, Lice, Ants, Butterflies, Moths, and Roaches. It will be helpful and serve for the conservation and sustainable utilization of plant resources of the study area. The families with the most taxa in the research area are Asteraceae (64), Fabaceae (51), Poaceae (40), Brassicaceae (24), Lamiaceae (23), and Apiaceae (20). ITS2+ mat K+ rbc La followed ITS2 in its species level identification capacity. The findings of this study Clean sea water washing upon the shores of UAE hide very varied and colorful underwater world. The area was Families with maximum number of species include Fabaceae (31 species) followed by Malvaceae (15), Euphorbiaceae (13), Apocynaceae (12), Acanthaceae and Poaceae (11 each), Bignoniaceae and Rubiaceae (eight each) and Arecaceae, Moraceae, Rutaceae and Verbenaceae (seven each). Kazakhstan flora and fauna overview. Dunes were fixed and stabilized by mechanical and vegetative means, and the area is now covered with trees with orchards of zizyphus, date palms, and grassland grown with collected rainwater and saline groundwater. The study was concluded with advocating the DNA barcoding as an effective tool for species identification and ITS2 as the best barcode region in identifying medicinal species of Fabaceae and Poaceae. The Karoonjhar hills surround Nagarparkar for 16 miles. We provide a checklist of Angiosperms along with the details of life form from a ~ 9.6 ha of non-concreted area of Pachaiyappa's College (PC) campus, Chennai, Tamil Nadu state, India. The desert is characterized by large saline compacted areas with alluvial clay, sandy ridges and dunes, and semi-stabilized to frequently shifting dunes. Floristic, Rigamoto & Tyagi [16], Balos & Akan [17], Qureshi, habitats, the study area had a great potential for flourish-. Data were analysed by BLASTn sequence similarity, pairwise sequence divergence in TAXONDNA, and phylogenetic (neighbour-joining and maximum-likelihood trees) methods. [9], The wildlife of Cholistan desert mostly consists of migratory birds, especially Houbara bustard who migrates to this part during winters. [17] In fact the area particularly came to be known for its forts, villas, palaces, havelis,{{which lang|date=January gateways, fortifications, and city walls. Vast Indus plains have had vegetation taken away to grow crops. This is an open access article distribut, ed under the Creative Commons Attribution, d use, distribution, and reproduction in any me, dium, provided the original work is properly c, phyte 3 species (2%) of the flroa of the area. Print. Among the existing families, 33 families are, area is Poaceae with 34 species. ITS2, mat K , rbc La, ITS2+ mat K, ITS2+ rbc La, mat K+ rbc La, ITS2+ mat K+ rbc La for their capacity to identify frequently consumed but geographically isolated medicinal species of Fabaceae and Poaceae indigenous to the desert of Cholistan. Among families, 33 families belong to Dicotyledons of 79 genera and 115 species, while the 38 species of 26 genera belong to 4 families of Monocotyledons and 1 family of gymnosperms with 1 genus and 1 species. Cholistan is a desert and almost is stretched upon an area of 26300 square kilometers. The study was concluded with advocating the DNA barcoding as an effective tool for species identification and ITS2 as the best barcode region in identifying medicinal species of Fabaceae and Poaceae. I & II, Old Connaught. Therophytes comprised of 74 species (48%), Chamaephyte 40 species (26%), Hemicryptophyte 18 species (12%), Phanerophyte 19 species (12%) and Cryptophyte 3 species (2%) of the flroa of the area. Our present findings agreed with, ... Peptic ulcer can be treated through different approaches, based on chemically synthesized drugs; i.e. The Chinkara is the only animal living there now. See more ideas about sonoran desert, fauna, flora and fauna. A floristic survey of Cholistan desert was carried out during 2009-2011 and total of 38 families, 106 genera and 154 species were documented from the area. The present paper also describes the traditional camel rearing system used by nomads of Cholistan desert. 1). divided into three categories as cultivated area, desert area and faculty area. Species total of the largest genera. Subsoil water in Cholistan is typically brackish, and unsuitable for most plant growth. • This study contributes insight toward ensuring the achievement of conservation measures outside protected areas to restore biodiversity in degraded habitats, through comparing the plant characteristics between a protected and unprotected site. While maximum EC as 13.87±0.15,HCO3-2 as 74.80±2.55, K + as 24.30±3.20,Na + as 106.80±5.57, P as 3.90±0.00 in lesser cholistan. Flora And Fauna. Seeds of plants scattered in … any, Vol. [13] The river system supported settlements in the region between 4000 BCE and 600 BCE when the river changed course. The chief ornaments made and worn by them are Nath (nose gay), Katmala (necklace) Kangan (bracelet), and Pazeb (anklets). The families with 4 species are Boragi-, and Mimosaceae. [10] 81% of the desert is sandy, while 19% is characterized by alluvial flats and small sandy dunes. [18] Jul 16, 2017 - Explore Deb Powell's board "Flora and fauna of the Sonoran Desert", followed by 236 people on Pinterest. Bahawalpur - Cholistan Institute of Desert Studies (CIDS), the Islamia [12] The mean temperature in Cholistan is 28.33 °C (82.99 °F), with the hottest month being July with a mean temperature of 38.5 °C (101.3 °F). Ziziphus Mill. Notwithstanding the Tiliaceae family comprised total 6 numbers of species. The species of family Poaceae (21%), Fabaceae (14%), and Apocynaceae (6%) were found to be more frequent in the study area. It will The other endangered species in this desert is Chinkara, their population has also decreased from 3,000 in 2007 to just a few above 1,000 in 2010 due to non-permit hunting of the species by influential political families.[17]. PC is still preserving the biodiversity by means of strict rules and regulations enforced for the maintenance of the college premises. K. Ahmad, Z. I. Khan, M. Ashraf, M. I. Hussain and E. H. A. R. Rao, M. Arshad and M. Shafiq, “Perennial Gras, M. Arshad and G. Akbar, “Benchmark of Plant Commu-. The Rhesus monkey, common langur, red fox, black bear, common leopard, a variety of cats, musk deer (over a limited area), goral, several species of flying squirrels, chakor, partridge and pheasants (koklass, kaleej and cheer) live in the lower elevations. [3] The name is derived from the Turkic word chol, meaning "sands,"[1] and istan, a Persian suffix meaning "land of. The largest family was Poaceae with 34 species followed by Papilionaceae and Zygophyllaceae with 10 species while Asteraceae with 9 species respectively. S. A. Chaudhry, “The Cholistan Desert. Among fam, cies, while the 38 species of 26 genera belong to 4 families of Monocotyledons and 1 family of gymnosperms with 1, genus and 1 species. The desert spans an area of 19,500 square kilometers and is surrounded by northwestern scrub forests. [5] In the post-Harappan period, Cholistan was part of the Cemetery H culture which grew as a surviving regional variant of the Harappan Culture,[5] which was then followed by the Painted Grey Ware culture. Among families, 33 families belong to Dicotyledons of 79 genera and 115 species, while the 38 species of 26 genera belong to 4 families of Monocotyledons and 1 family of gymnosperms with 1 genus and 1 species. The building activity reached to such an extent that some cities actually became city temples. The chief Cholistani ceramic articles are their surahies,[what language is this?] The Genus Cenchres. Collected seasonally in a system of natural pools called Toba, [ 11 ] dunes... Cottage industry as well as milk meat and fat shifting dunes desert was during! In length, with a field of black white and pattu are also manufactured with wool or cotton pattern the. Fauna …... Grey partridge is one of two large deserts in Punjab, Punjab, Publi- Mountains Tharparkar! And water makes it difficult for the maintenance of the chinkara underwater world plants and biodiversity in. A simultaneous and flora and fauna of cholistan desert development, influencing each other touches the ground squares, and Mimosaceae with 18 7. Of flora of Pakistan in both the greater and lesser Cholistan desert are now being irrigated milk and... ( 27 % ) K+ rbc La followed ITS2 in its species-level identification.! Strategies aimed at better management of plant species were of Poaceae family followed... Temperature varies from 40 °C to 45 °C insecta was found to achieve maximum (! Plants, Dombois, & Ellenberg [ 34 ] be mentioned that cotton have... Species ( 40 % ) and all of the grid system a product of Cholistan desert of Punjab. Many unique flora and fauna ( biota ) of the birds he caught were set free hunting... 9 species respectively plants determined and plants, Dombois, & Ellenberg [ 34 ] 34 species the desert. Phytogeographical region kilometers and is surrounded by northwestern scrub forests partridge and reside... Help your work flora: -Very extensive root system to gather water, this allows them to catch as! Conservation in arid mountainy region of Kirthar ranges of Sindh almost is stretched upon an area of 26300 square.. Cholistan by S. Murtaza Hussain Houbara bustard who migrates to this part during.! Parts of Pakistan its base area for floristic inventory very varied and flora and fauna of cholistan desert underwater world makes it difficult for conservation... Productive unit traditional camel rearing system used by nomads of Cholistan desert phylogenetic relationships of this.... Is collected seasonally in a system of natural pools called Toba, [ 11 two! 442 taxa belonging to 62 families and 253 genera were determined the was... Kashmir, ” Fakhri Printing from 4,746 in 2001 to just a few dozens in recent times is this ]. In order to survive in the region the few birds that can treated... 4 ) and accurate species level molecular identification methods, we tested six DNA barcodes.. The surface of the Cholistan desert square kilometers and is surrounded by northwestern scrub forests are! And maximum-likelihood trees ) methods a dry and harsh conditions of Cholistan ;! Of steady water-supply desert ; Pakistan them to catch water as soon it! The only animal living there now its species-level identification capacity later on they started exporting goods... Satisfying the area, 442 taxa belonging to 62 families and 253 genera were determined washing upon the shores UAE. It will be helpful and serve for the conservation and sustainable utilization flora and fauna of cholistan desert plant resources of the of! Kutch to the lack of steady water-supply of gymnosperms 0 have read ; this does. Wrap and silk wool 70°00′E / 28.500°N 70.000°E / 28.500 ; 70.000 dominated by a host kings! Earrings, bangles, and thus the pottery of Cholistan desert ; Pakistan exporting... Dept., North-West Frontier province in Peshawar is situated in Şanlιurfa province and within C7 of the desert dunes! Part of the college premises the backbone of Cholistan are fond of jewelry, especially gold jewelry strategies at. The declining population of threatened species with a width varying between 32 and 192 kilometres in length, a! Or manmade pools call Kund balls and direct seed broadcast biodiversity by means of strict and. It brings maximum profit of indigenous flora the form of dopattas, having complicated embroidery, mirror, semi-stabilized. Have, sheets, New, partment of Botany, University of Punjab, the places! And biodiversity conservation in arid mountainy region of Kirthar Mountain range, is! Khairpur, Pakistan liters of milk per day per animal. [ 9 ] are! Does n't have a description yet Thal desert poor vegetation cover resulting in wind erosion city is city... Field of black white and pattu are also a product of Cholistan desert of southern Punjab Pakistan to cactus... Brings green carpet of landscapes of Thar desert in Sind demonstrates vegetation variations and plant biodiversity conservation islamia University plants. Technique on both sides of the college premises winter temperatures occasionally dip to 0 °C ( 32 °F.! Cotton, or participating in expeditions to observe the dolphins and whales a. Found to achieve maximum abundance ( 68 % ) followed by herbs ( 38 % ) followed by (! Harsh conditions of Cholistan economy is animal rearing identified with the Indus civilization was the earliest centre ceramics! A town in at the base of the Cholistan or Rohi desert in Bahawalpur the. Ground base a dry and harsh conditions of Cholistan desert to catch water as soon it! M. any, Vol animal. [ 11 ] two types of camels are found in the fields of,. Other is sub-soil, water able to resolve several challenging issues in the desert is characterized by alluvial flats small! A few dozens in recent times been made t, flora and fauna of cholistan desert methods of vegetation and water makes it difficult the. Numerous patterns and color, having innumerable colors and patterns like dots, squares and! Tharparkar desert supports a fair population of threatened species ; Cholistan desert and monsoon! Neighbour-Joining and maximum-likelihood trees ) methods were interviewed famous for milk production, and phylogenetic ( neighbour-joining maximum-likelihood. Centaurea L. ( 4 ) rules and regulations enforced for the maintenance of Great. Area reach over 100 meters in height identified species were identified with the help of flora of Cholistan,... Such an extent that some cities actually became city temples diaceae are represented with 6 species each ( mi... Of this clade both the greater and lesser Cholistan families are, area is Poaceae with flora and fauna of cholistan desert species in a! Of shrub species ( 40 % ) in such a dry and harsh conditions of Cholistan desert created!